Serine protease NAL1 exerts pleiotropic functions through degradation of TOPLESS-related corepressor in rice
Author: Wenjing Li, Junjie Yan, Yu Zhang, Fei Zhang, Zeyuan Guan, Yilong Yao, Yu Chang, Haifu Tu, Xiaokai Li, Huaijun Wang, Haiyan Xiong, Xuelei Lai Ping Yin & Lizhong Xiong.
Nature Plants. 22 Jun 2023. 1130-1142(2023)
Abstract:NARROW LEAF 1 (NAL1) is a breeding-valuable pleiotropic gene that affects multiple agronomic traits in rice, although the molecular mechanism is largely unclear. Here, we report that NAL1 is a serine protease and displays a novel hexameric structure consisting of two ATP-mediated doughnut-shaped trimeric complexes. Moreover, we identified TOPLESS-related corepressor OsTPR2 involved in multiple growth and development processes as the substrate of NAL1. We found that NAL1 degraded OsTPR2, thus modulating the expression of downstream genes related to hormone signalling pathways, eventually achieving its pleiotropic physiological function. An elite allele, NAL1A, which may have originated from wild rice, could increase grain yield. Furthermore, the NAL1 homologues in different crops have a similar pleiotropic function to NAL1. Our study uncovers a NAL1–OsTPR2 regulatory module and provides gene resources for the design of high-yield crops.